People usually engage in psychotherapy if their lives are not going right. Whether the problem is obsessive thoughts or difficulties in relationships, gambling or anger management, identity problems or intimacy issues – psychotherapy is a safe and effective way to explore the underlying problems and make the symptoms better.
As the trusting relationship between the therapist and the patient develops it becomes a framework within which to create a life one desires.
There is something healing that occurs when one can feel understood in a safe and non-judgemental environment.
Psychotherapy can be said to have been practiced informally through the ages as people received guidance, counsel and understanding from others, but the word was formally coined at the end of 19th century and comes from Greek words “psyche” meaning spirit or soul, and “therapeia” meaning to nurse.
Today, many different forms of psychotherapy exist based on different schools of thought and approaches to the understanding of common problems. These include :
Including Freudian, Lacanian, Kleinian approaches among many others. This type of therapy involves frequent meetings with the therapist, often 3 to 4 times per week, for many months and even years, in order to uncover and correct dysfunctional formations within the psyche.
It encourages the verbalisation of all of the patient’s thoughts, fantasies and dreams from which the therapist tries to understand the nature of subconscious conflict causing the patient’s symptoms.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
This form of therapy utilizes specific tasks and exercises and is often practiced by psychologists.
Existential psychotherapy is based on the existential belief that human beings are alone in the world. This isolation leads to feelings of meaninglessness, which can be overcome only by creating one’s own values and meanings.
“Brief therapy” is an umbrella term for a variety of approaches to psychotherapy. It differs from other schools of therapy in that it emphasizes (1) a focus on a specific problem and (2) direct intervention. It is solution-based rather than problem-oriented. It is less concerned with how a problem arose than with the current factors sustaining it and preventing change.
Transpersonal psychotherapy addresses the client in the context of a spiritual understanding of consciousness
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy was developed in the US for treatment of difficult to treat disorder and particularly for borderline personality disorder.